The ongoing business restructuring, the changing economic environment and the new requirements in terms of human resources, in order to effectively promote the growth of the productive units of the economy, require specific policies to support the adaptation of enterprises and the promotion of employment in enterprises. The technological, productive, business and institutional changes, as well as the changes in human resources that take place in modern enterprises, are a key driving force for the development and modernization of enterprises. In addition, they lay the foundations for the creation of viable businesses capable of growth and contributing to growth and employment, producing, with a high degree of focus, the quality and innovation of end products / services in order to compete in the international environment. In this context, the human factor, its specialization and its role in promoting the growth and competitive environment of enterprises is of particular importance.
Based on the previous environment and given the trends and conditions in the field of industry worldwide as well as in Greece, as well as the perspectives they create, the initial aim of the research process in the context of the assigned work should be to capture the productive landscape of domestic industry, in terms of productive ecosystems, as shaped by the domestic financial crisis and multiannual economic adjustment. This process is expected to show the current characteristics of the structure of the domestic industrial sector. The tool on which the recording of the current situation will be based is the field research in the industrial ecosystem business.
Given the wide range of activities of the industry, a field survey covering all its ecosystems requires a very large sample of enterprises, which at the same time meets certain characteristics that would make it representative of the characteristics of the enterprises of each ecosystem size, geographical dispersion). In addition, in order to carry out research on a sample of the desired properties, it would probably take a long time. For these reasons, field research to capture the current situation in industry is proposed to be carried out in selected ecosystem activities. The selection will take into account their performance in some quantitative indicators. In addition, care will be taken to ensure that the selected ecosystems cover a significant part of the domestic industry in order to enhance the representativeness of the sample for its activity.
Quantitative indicators will include output, employment and export figures. The performance to be assessed will not be based on the most recent data, as, among other reasons, there is a risk of impact from extreme prices. The data to be taken into account will relate to a wider period, from the onset of the domestic fiscal crisis in 2010 and in the years of the Financial Adaptation Programs to the most recent data for which data are available. Ecosystems that have a long-standing role in the Greek industry include, but are not limited to, Food and Drinks, Mineral and Mineral Minerals, Pharmaceuticals and Health Products, Energy and the Environmental Industry. The purpose of this process is to select seven ecosystems from the industrial sector.
Based on the experience of the project team, our approach proposed is to study the following seven (7) ecosystems:
1. Mineral and Mineral Minerals
2. Agro-food chain
3. Medicine – Health
4. Energy – Environment
5. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)
6. Chemicals – Plastics
7. Creative Industries (Clothing, Footwear, Leather)
Labeling the industry’s ecosystems – which will of course include enterprises with service or commercial support activities – will be documented in the methodology work package and will be used primarily for the design of the next phase of the project, field research in enterprises.